IFLA Local History and Genealogy Section joint with Asia and Oceania Section – Satellite Meeting 2019 Belgrade – Speakers and Abstracts
DAY ONE – Wednesday, 21 August
Conference Chair: Laila Hussein Moustafa, USA
Special Session: Digital Resources for Librarians
Presenters: Russell Lynch and Cherie Bush
Institution: Family Search International
Russell Lynch is a Project Manager for FamilySearch, International working in community engagement. He was manager of the United States and Canada Reference Unit at the Family History Library and worked in collection development. He is an officer in a genealogical credentialing organization and was a Division Chair on IFLA’s Professional Committee. He has served on national library committees and in local genealogical associations.
Cherie Bush has been with FamilySearch since 1994. She has been a marketing manager, a reference consultant in the Family History Library and trainer- including creating content and lesson plans. Currently she is a Deputy Chief Genealogical Officer with the assignment of library outreach. She has a degree in business with a minor in marketing. She currently serves as a board member of the Federation of Genealogical Societies. She has served and currently serves on several library and genealogical committees.
Topic 1 : FamilySearch Wiki – Together we can accomplish more
Topic 2 : Local History and Genealogy in Multiethnic Societies, the
impact of genetic mapping and digitized sources.
DNA Resources for Librarians
What is DNA and how does it help with genealogical research? DNA is a ‘hot’ topic these days. This presentation will cover what DNA testing can and cannot do for genealogical research and what resources are important for librarians to know about- both online and relevant books. DNA comes in several types (mitochondrial, Y-DNA, autosomal, X-DNA) and each has its own pattern. These patterns can prove helpful in finding ancestry. There are many companies that offer DNA testing with all of them offering autosomal testing and ethnicity estimates. There are resources to learn which test will help individuals accomplish the goals they are trying to achieve.
World Café One
Xiangde Ji works at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, where he holds the positions of Secretary General of Chinese Local Chronicles Guidance Group, Director of the office of Chinese Local Chronicles Guidance Group, Research Fellow of the Institute of Law, Professor, Doctoral Supervisor.
Dan Liu works at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, where she holds the positions of Deputy Division Chief of the office of Chinese Local Chronicles Guidance Group, Assistant Research Fellow.
Topic: Local Chronicles Museums and Libraries in China: Digital Development and Community Outreach
Local chronicles are unique carrier of traditional culture and culture of the Chinese nation. Local Chronicles Museum is a multi-functional place for compiling, collecting and displaying these traditional culture. The 603 state-level, provincial, municipal and county-level local chronicle libraries officially built in China have different degrees of connection with cultural facilities such as libraries, museums and archives. But they have their own characteristics. Local Chronicle Museum has many functions, such as display of local conditions, collection and protection, compilation and research, professional consultation, information service, development and utilization, publicity and education, professional training, cultural exchange and so on. In recent years, with the development of computer and Internet technology and the update of data storage technology, people’s new demands on the processing, storage, query and utilization of traditional literature and information are increasing day by day, and digital local chronicles libraries at all levels in China emerge as the times require. This article will reveal the fundamentals of local chronicles museums of China, it will also address current development of Functions and dissemination value of Chinese local chronicles museums in cooperate with the trends of information technology.
Du Ping-Ping, Library, China University of Minging and Technology Xuzhou, Jiangsu, China
Lyuke, Shanghai Publishing and Printing College, Shanghai, China
Topic: Communication and Culture along the Jiangsu Grand Canal
Taking the connotation of canal culture reading and cultural landmark development in the canal culture belt of the Jiangsu Grand Canal as the research point, based on the basic theory of cultural communication. The paper analyzes the cultural value, tourism value and economic value of the cultural reading and cultural landmarks at home and abroad, and puts forward the cultural absorption concept of the cultural relics of the JiangsuGrand Canal and the development concept of collaborative design of cultural landmarks. It also puts an emphasis on historical environmental protection, promoting the construction of the cultural belt of the Jiangsu Grand Canal, and making a “study on the construction of reading culture and cultural landmark in the cultural belt of Jiangsu Grand Canal”.
Investigation on the present status of the historical and cultural landmarks of the Jiangsu Grand Canal: The landmarks of the Jiangsu Grand Canal have been identified and can be developed into landmark historical sites, and their development prospects are analyzed, mainly from the perspectives of location, function, mechanism, display degree and cultural creativity, etc.
The historical environmental protection for the cultural belt of the Jiangsu Grand Canal: the protection mechanism, protection system, scientific protection concept, complete legal guarantee, innovative protection operation of the cultural heritage, rationally continuing the original function of the canal and exploring new heritage functions suitable for modern and future human Needs.
The development for the cultural reading function of the cultural belt: by the cultural accumulation of the cultural belt and the enrichment of the classic culture, through the development of the cultural identity and the recognition of the reading concept, the cultural belt gets the cultural self-consciousness,the ” cultural heritage” function of cultural identity and cultural Aesthetics.
Design of the cultural belt of the Jiangsu Grand Canal: study the development of economic, cultural and social in the area, especially along the canal area, displaying historical sites and geographical landscapes, and developing a road of development of the cultural belt with special features of the landscape.
Coordinated development of modern cultural landmarks: Emphasize the cultural significance of the Grand Canal culture belt.
① The concept of coordinated development of one place and one scene.
② The coordinated construction of modern urban cultural landmarks and cultural circles around the city canal circle.
③ Keep the historical relics combined with modernization development and develop the reading culture function of the cultural belt
Xinli Qiu works at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, where he holds the positions of Deputy Director of the office of Chinese Local Chronicles Guidance Group, Research Fellow, Doctoral Supervisor.
Yongjin Zhou, works at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, where he holds the positions of Deputy Division Chief of the office of Chinese Local Chronicles Guidance Group, Associate Research Fellow.
Topic: Standardization of Chinese Local History Compilations
China is one of the countries that attach great importance to the compilation of local history. It is a fine tradition for the Chinese nation to attach importance to history, study history and learn from history for more than 5000 years. It is essential to understand the compiling tradition of Chinese local history. This study will reveal following items:
1) The historical function of local chronicles and its relationship with local history;
2) Standardized Management of the Compilation of Local History – An Investigation from the Perspective of the Formulation of Provisions for the Work of Local History and Basic Norms for the Compilation of Local History;
3) The significance and purpose of standardizing the compilation of local history of management;
4) The content of standardizing the compilation of local history of management; 5)The analysis of the items stipulated in the work of local history.
The study will draft normative management of the compilation of local history including compilation rules and formulation of local history in China.
Chihfeng P. Lin, Shih Hsin University, Taiwan
Dr. Chihfeng P. Lin is currently an Associate Professor in Department and Graduate School of Information & Communications at Shih Hsin University, Taipei, Taiwan. Dr. Lin received her Doctoral Degree in Library and Information Science from Graduate School of Library and Information Science (GSLIS) from Simmons College in Boston, Massachusetts, USA in 2000. Her teaching and research areas related to “Library & Information Services”, “Management and Marketing”, “Branding Management”, “Consumer Culture”, “Popular Culture”, “Knowledge Management”, “Information Literacy”, “Internet & Communications”, and “LIS Education”.
Dr. Lin is active in participating LIS/Communication local and international professional activities of Library Association of the Republic of China in Taiwan (LAROC), Chinese Association of Library and Information Science Education (CALISE), IFLA, ALA, ASIS&T, and ALISE. Dr. Convened several international conference such as A-LIEP and ICPE.
Topic: Comparison Study of Terms of Genealogy, Whakapapa, and Family Chronicles of Maoris and Amis
There is a close racial relationship between Taiwan’s aborigines and New Zealand’s Māori people. During process of immigration from Taiwan to New Zealand, revealing the two races connected. Through evidence of the words “Genealogy”, “Whakapapa” “Family Chronicles” which have similarity but also differences. The language differences existed but in what extent the differences are. The major objective of this study is to compare the differences among these concepts of whakapapa, genealogy and family chronicles to explore the meanings beyond these three words. Authors retrieved Māori and related literature to find out the differences. The difficulties came from that aborigines did not have archives or written records of the history. However, there are not sufficient information available. With limited information, authors extract valuable concept worth further exploration. Authors suggest that public libraries of these two area should systematically collect related information. The other suggestion is to produce oral history of local aborigines in order to maintain the language heritage and cultural development.
World Café Two
Velibor Mihich, Milan Rajevac, Branko Todorovich,
Institution: Society of Serbian Genealogists “Origin”
Topic: Digital library in the Service of Genetic Genealogy
In recent years, genetic genealogy became one of the most powerful tools for discovering deeper ancestral origins. However, results of various DNA tests are rarely sufficient by itself for true understanding of the past and true nature of relationships with close genetic relatives. For more precise information, one must consult available genealogical literature, public and vital records (birth and death cetificates, marriage licenses etc.) and censuses.
Seven years ago, Society of Serbian Genealogists “Poreklo” (Origin) established Serbian DNA Project, with more than 4.000 results currently in database, and recently DNA Project has been accompanied by digital library with over 3.000 titles of genealogical literature.
Probably the most important feature of our digital library is that it is searchable through the use of Optical character recognition (OCR), that is, every mention of any name, surname or location can be filtered out in a matter of seconds. Thanks to our digital library, with each new DNA result we get, we can quickly obtain all available information about the surname and origin of tested person, thus enabling searching for your roots reach its full potential.
Takashi Nagatsuka is a professor emeritus of Tsurumi University, focusing on new approaches for digital note-taking, digital cultural heritage, research data management and transforming of libraries. He has been active in a Standing Committee Member of Information Technology in IFLA from 2005 to 2009, a Standing Committee Member of Asia & Oceania in IFLA from 2011 to present, a Secretary of Asia & Oceania in IFLA from 2013 to 2015 and a Information Coordinator of Asia & Oceania in IFLA from 2017 to present. He continues being the president of Japan Society of Information and Knowledge from 2016 until now.
Institution: Tsurumi University, Japan
Topic: Digital Collaboration: Linkages among Local History Collections in Japan
The provision of digital collections in Japan builted by the university libraries started to provide the service to the public in the mid-1990s, and then the class of prefectural library which is a main library in each prefecture started in the mid-2000s. This is to clarify their progresses of the strengthen linkages among the digital collections of local history resources on the NDL Digital Collections, university libraries, prefectural libraries, regional repositories, a cloud service for digital collections, musium, archives and other memory institutions in Japan. The NDL Search is enlarging the number of libraries and aggregators which supply their metadata to the NDL Search, however, the metadata which was acquired by the NDL Search is not all of what the digital collections of local history resources served by libraries. Recently, a trial version of new portal “Japan Search” which links digital archives in the publications, cultural properties, and media arts fields and organizes metadata of varying of contents preserved by Japanese institutions and organizations opened in February 2019.
The originality of this paper is to clarify their linkages among the digital collections of local history resources on the NDL Digital Collections, university libraries, prefectural libraries, regional repositories, a cloud service for digital collections, musium, archives and other memory institutions in Japan. And then what differences on their linkages of digital collections of local history resources between NDL Search and Japan Search are discussed based on the results of this study.
Simone Paiva, Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO), Brasil
Simone Paiva, is a lecturer, a researcher and also a Coordinator of the undergraduate degree in Library Science at theFederal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO), Brazil.
Topic: “Coffee with an Experience”: Library Based Conversations Circles in Rio de Janeiro
The city of Rio de Janeiro and its libraries are the object of study of the university extension project “Coffee with an Experience”. Developed by researchers and undergraduate students linked to the Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO), the initiative aims at reestablishing the dialogue between community and library. Welcomed with coffee, a drink that blends well with the history of Brazilians, and involved with narratives of human experience, the participating public can experience ancient rites of coexistence, while re-signifying this practice in the light of the demands for spaces of dialogue, information and subjects’ education. Being together is being in conflict, the conflict of discovering oneself and others, the conflict of finding oneself in a society flooded with information that paralyzes actions and numbs the senses. The provision of services such as “Coffee with an Experience” is an urgent matter that articulates different social actors in the face of social fragmentation. University, library and community together join forces to offer a plural space where the library plays the role of mediator, as an institution that manages the processes of social transformation. The methodology adopted for the meetings will be the conversation circle, presented by Brazilian researchers as an intergenerational space for dialogue. “Coffee with an Experience” consists of a movement with the community that values the knowledge and actions of the different protagonists who act in the social space, offering a place that welcomes enunciation, encourages attentive listening and instigates debate.
Inga Petkunaite is the Supervisor (organization of educational activities)
Šiauliai County Povilas Višinskis Public Library (ŠCPL), Lithuania
Topic: Participants Remember the Drama Festival “Atgaiva”. Digital Video and Audio Certificates and Their Usage in Educational Activities.
ŠCPL realized that creators, witnesses and preservers of a local history are, above all, people who live here, so the library collects the archives of historical and cultural events of Šiauliai region, which were captured in the old video tapes (VHS) by local residents. Videos from VHS tapes are transferred to a digital format, processed, described and become accessible to everyone via Internet. In 2015 a spoken history project about the Lithuanian drama festival “Atgaiva” (Šiauliai, 1988) was started. Festival contributed to the creation of a new democratic atmosphere in Lithuania. Memories of participants were recorded on a voice recorder, texts were reviewed, edited and published in the archive of a spoken history “Atgaiva” on the library’s website.
In this way, the valuable historical material that people have ever created is preserved and is accessible to everyone.
The accumulated video and audio collections are used in educational activities: non-traditional/integrated lessons of history, civic education, etc. During the activities, participants review documentary films, check their historical knowledge by participating in a virtual quiz created for a specific film. It is a great opportunity to learn history not through textbooks, but through getting to know the “live” story. This form of learning is particularly attractive to young people because it is interactive and based on ICT. Creators of the video tapes are invited to participate in these activities and different generations take part in discussions.
This activity promotes interest in history, citizenship, strengthens the links of community members, historical and cultural identity.
DAY TWO – Thursday, 22 August
World Café Three
Krystyna K. Matusiak, Michelle Schierburg, Renée Bedard
Institution: University of Denver, Colorado, USA
Krystyna K. Matusiak is an Associate Professor in the Library & Information Science Program at the University of Denver where she teaches Information Organization, Digital Libraries, Digitization, and Digital Preservation. She has been involved in digitization of archival and special collection materials since 2001. Prior to accepting her position at the University of Denver, she was the Head of the Digitization Unit at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. She also served as a digitization consultant for projects funded by the Endangered Archive Programme at the British Library and assisted digital library projects at the Press Institute of Mongolia in Ulan Baatar, Mongolia and the Al-Aqsa Mosque Library in East Jerusalem. Her research interests include digitization of cultural heritage, digital libraries, information behavior, visual information, and data curation. Her book, Digital Libraries: Research and Practice, co-authored with Dr. Iris Xie was published in 2016. She is a member of the IFLA Library Theory and Research (LTR) section where she serves as a secretary.
Topic: Preserving Cultural Heritage in Rural Areas: The Case of the Park County Local History Archives
Local history archives are a vital component of community efforts to preserve the historical heritage of a region. Community archives play an important role in preserving documentary heritage but can also encourage new forms of engagement with local history. Digital technology offers an opportunity to expand access to local archives beyond geographic boundaries and to enhance the tourism experience of the area. In rural areas, digital archives are seen as a catalyst for building more resilient communities. Community archives represent grassroots activities and are usually organized by volunteers. Community participation and local control are their essential traits. However, volunteer initiatives often face challenges of sustainability, especially if they are not affiliated with government agencies or heritage institutions.
This paper presents a collaborative project between three partners: The Park County Local History Archives (PCLHA), a local government agency, and the library and information science program at the University of Denver. PCLHA is a large community archive located in Fairplay in Park County, Colorado, a remote region in the Rocky Mountains. The goals of the project are twofold: to preserve the PCLHA collections and to explore the way digital technology can be integrated to promote the unique heritage of the region and to contribute to building community resilience. The LIS faculty and students assist the community partners in processing and digitizing the Archive. The digital technology will be used to build an online collection and exhibits to tell the story of the Park County resilient community and to showcase its rich history.
Simran Kaur is a law student. Since the time I was growing up I have always been passionate about History and Human Rights. I hold them in the highest regard and delve deep into the intricacies of law to equate these three and ascertain as to why certain events took place, how can they be prevented in future and what to do to preserve the accounts of communities who bore the brunt of political vendatta and cruel politics.
Institution: University Institute of Legal Studies, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India
Topic: Strategies and Initiatives for Preserving Memories of 1984 Anti-Sikh Riots.
The year 1984 will indisputably remain the darkest time Independent India has perhaps seen. Following the assassination of Mrs. Indira Gandhi, then Prime Minister of India, by her two Sikh bodyguards, a large scale massacre of Sikhs took place with elected government officials openly inciting mobs who ruined Sikh properties and killed Sikh families in a well planned, smooth and cold blooded manner with the toll of crime rising till 8,000 all across the nation. At a time when freedom of speech was stifled and any opposition was brutally crushed, the actual magnitude of the crime was deliberately and successfully kept under the wraps. Powerful criminals roaming scot free for the longest time and flouting the orders of lawful authorities is a testimony to this fact. To accentuate it, in absence of a properly defined law on genocides, Governments over the years termed this as “riots”, hence eroding accountability. Only a few of the 3136 people arrested were convicted for killing Sikhs and there remains a huge number of criminals against whom no formal Legal action has ever taken place. The scar of unspeakable atrocities and the unfathomable pain endured by the victims and their kin looms over the shattered houses and abandoned villages in the interiors of North India. The Courts in India have expressed grave disgust over the manner in which cases were tried, rooted in manhandling, irregularities, coercion of witnesses and suspicion vitiating justice.
There is a dire need to preserve these painful memoirs and testimonies which shall help dig into the deep dark discourse of the genocide. During the paper/ presentation existing initiatives to preserve memories of 1984 anti-Sikh riots will be deliberated. The strategies to preserve reminiscences using crowdsourcing will also be discussed.
Mercy Ifeyinwa Anyaegbu is an Aluminus of University of Nigeria Nsukka and a Nigerian from Anambra State. She has BA (Lib. Sc./English), MLS, Ph.D in Library and Information Science, PGD in Public Administration and Diploma in Law. She is a Chartered Librarian of Nigeria. She has published over 33 publications in both local and international journals. She has also attended and presented papers at conferences in Nigeria and at international conferences.
Institution: Nnamdi Azikawe University, Awka, Nigeria
Topic: The Igboana Collection: Restoring Vitality to Igbo Language and
The three major languages in Nigeria are Igbo, Hausa and Yoruba. Igbo is the indigenous language of the Igbos. However, due to the multiplicity of ethnic groups in Nigeria, English is the formal language of communication. The use of English as second language seem to have dwarfed the use of Igbo language even among the Igbos. This has adversely affected the growth and development of Igbo language in Nigeria. The establishment of Igbo language as a degree awarding programme in Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka under African and Asian Studies is a recent development. There was a public outcry among lecturers and students of this department on the dearth of Igbo language literature. In 2017, this was reported at the Senate meeting of the university.
The University librarian as a principal officer was present in that meeting. He was mandated to do everything within his power to solve this problem. In response to this, a Committee was set up by the university library to work in partnership with the Department of Igbo Language and Culture to build a robust collection on this subject. The library then created Igboana a separate unit dedicated to Igbo language and Culture information resources as well as an online discussion forum designed to foster development of Igbo language. This paper will showcase these initiatives, the immediate outcomes and sustainability plans.
Cristina Ioana Roiu is an expert in bibliography and a documentary specialist, with experience in crowdsourcing projects, coordinating at the present time the Documentary, Analysis and International Marketing Department at the Romanian Academy Library. From 2011 is an active collaborator of Europeana – Europe’s Digital Library, Museum and Archive, coordinating its projects Europeana 1914-1918 Europeana 1989 and Europeana Migration in Romania. She has also contributed to Europeana’s decisions and policy as a Europeana Network Councillor (elected for the 2017-2018 term).
Institution: Romanian Academy Library, Romania
Topic: Memories of Travel – The Europeana Migration project in Romania.
Throughout 2018, the European Year of Cultural Heritage, cultural institutions and associations ran a plethora of cultural projects and activities across Europe in order to get people interested and involved in cultural heritage.
Europeana – Europe’s cultural digital platform, has focused on migration stories to and from Europe aiming in this way to prove that geographical moving of people makes culture richer. In the frames of the Europeana Migration project , Europeana organized 18 collection days in 12 countries collaborating with several museums, galleries, libraries and archives across Europe. The paper describes the outcomes of the Europeana Migration campaign in Romania, organized in partnership with the Library of the ‘Lucian Blaga’ University in Sibiu in July 2018. Here people have shared their migration stories and have brought also pictures, postcards, embroideries or other objects that had a particular significance for them.
Their stories, memories and ‘the values they have brought with them’ in the new territories illustrate the richness of our cultural heritage and our common history They also emphasize the fact that the Europe we inhabit today is the result of a flow of people and ideas and in fact migration enriches our everyday lives in many ways.
BR, 2th August 2019.